Oily skin is one of the most difficult to care for because it occurs due to the body producing more oil than necessary. Oily skin is prone to breakouts and blackheads, and can change from oily to normal or even dry depending upon the season. Oily skin is also affected by hormones — it affects teens and women with fluctuating hormones the most. Here are ways to control and care for your oily skin. Oily skin is caused by overactive sebaceous glands that are affected by a variety of stimuli such as hormones, humidity, heat and even stimulation by aggressive scrubbing or washing. The body naturally produces oil to keep the skin moisturized and healthy. However, too much oil can cause breakouts and blemishes, yet stripping the skin of all oil causes the body to overcompensate and produce more oil. Treatment must be a fine balance. Because oily skin is an internal problem, there is little that can be done except for treating it externally with a variety of cleansers and topical products. Like all other skin types, oily skin needs protection from the sun. Unfortunately, traditional sunscreens can cause havoc on oily skin, blocking pores and causing breakouts. Instead, try using a sunscreen gel or one of the new oil-free sunscreens. The American Academy of Dermatology recommends that all skin types use a sunscreen with a broad spectrum SPF 30 or higher is preferred. You can also look for makeup which contains small amounts of salicylic acid which is anti-inflammatory. Serecite is another ingredient to look for that will help reduce pore size and absorb oil. Be sure to choose a foundation that is one color lighter than your actual skin tone because the oil on your skin will darken the makeup. Matte cosmetics for eye shadow and blush are best for oily skin. Eating a healthy diet is good for your entire body and may also help the appearance of your skin. Eat a diet rich in antioxidant foods like blueberries, spinach, carrots, and other brightly colored fruits and vegetables. Include foods that contain Omega-3 fatty acids like salmon, tuna, mackerel, walnuts, almonds and hazelnuts to improve skin texture. You should reduce foods high in fat and sugar and increase proteins and complex carbohydrates. Also, drink plenty of water to keep your skin hydrated.