Rosacea is a chronic skin condition that is typically characterized by constant flare-ups and remissions and begins after the age of 30 on the cheeks, nose, chin or forehead. It can affect all different types of skin, however those with fair skin are thought to be more susceptible because they blush easier. The female population also tend to develop rosacea more often, but when men develop rosacea usually tend to experience more severe symptoms. The actual cause of rosacea is unknown and there is no cure, but are medications and treatments used to decrease the symptoms and reduce the number of flare-ups that occur. The severity, location and type of rocasea varies significantly from person-to-person and treatment success is different for each individual.
Early signs of rosacea usually occur in people who have a history of frequent blushing or flushing. Those that experience redness, which resembles a permanent sunburn, along with the development of small red solid bumps or pus-filled pimples, are typical candidates for rosacea. Small blood vessels become visible on the skin, which is one of the primary signs on the disorder.
If left untreated bumps and pimples develop, and in severe cases the nose will become bumpy and swollen, a condition called rhinophyma. Treatment helps to reduce the breakouts and get the condition under control before it causes scarring or anymore embarrassment than you’ve already gone through since the first signs.
Understanding which subtype of rosacea you have today:
- Subtype 1: Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea is flushing, persistent redness and/or visible blood vessels.
- Subtype 2: Papulopustular rosacea also includes persistent redness, however bumps and pimples also develop.
- Subtype 3: Phymatous rosacea occurs when the skin thickens and excess tissue builds upon the nose.
- Subtype 4: Ocular rosacea is characterized by dry ears, tearing and burning, the swelling of the eyelids and potential vision loss from corneal damage.