The noticeable signs of aging, such as wrinkles, age spots, and sagging due to a loss of skin elasticity are some of the most common skin developments. By understanding what causes aging skin and why it develops the way it does will help you take preventive measures to keep your skin young and healthy.
Every day the cells of the outer layer of your skin die off, shed, and regenerate new skin layers. However, when you’re young your skin cells turn over quickly. As you age the turnover rate becomes slower and slower and as a result your skin loses its once youthful appearance and begins to look dull and worn out.
The two building blocks that are integral to the skin’s age appearance are collagen and elastin. Collagen is the structure protein within the skin that gives it its youthful cheeks and bright open eyes. . Elastin gives your skin elasticity, plumpness, and resilience; however both also need to be replenished. As your skin ages, the replenishing process slows down and as a result being less elastic, your skin has a harder time bouncing back and will start to show fine lines and wrinkles.
At the same time, exposing your skin to the sun causes an increased amount of pigment to be produced, which leads to age spots over time. Sun damage also breaks up elastic fibers in your skin, leaving your skin less able to bounce back when it wrinkles.
Smoking cigarettes speeds up the aging process of your skin, which can make wrinkles worse. And then there’s the problem of sagging skin. As we get older, we lose volume in our face from muscle and bone loss.
For many people, the signs of aging start showing in their thirties and continue with each decade. Others seem to be born with genes for healthy, young-looking skin. But you can’t rely on genetics alone. If you neglect your skin by developing skin-abusive sun damage and inflict injury from smoking cigarettes, there is a much higher chance your appearance will suffer. Committing to a routine cleansing routine is a big part of keeping your skin looking young. This means cleaning your face twice a day, once in the morning and another at night, especially if you wear makeup or workout. Loss of moisture can make your skin look dull, flat, and older, which is why it’s important to keep it moisturized but not oily. To avoid dry skin, apply moisturizer every day while your skin is still damp after cleansing or bathing.
Reapply sunscreen year round. It’s the single most important step you can take to prevent skin aging. The American Academy of Dermatology recommends daily use a broad-spectrum sunscreen, meaning one that protects against both UVA and UVB rays. Use a sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 30, even when it’s cloudy and should reapply sunscreen every two hours when outdoors. Your skin is going to age along with the rest of your body, but you can help yourself by implementing certain steps in order to slow the visible effects.