Collagen is a naturally occurring protein responsible for keeping the skin tight and smooth. Located in the dermis, the layer just beneath the epidermis, collagen has the ability to partially reverse the aging process. It can be injected as a filler in order to rejuvenate the skin and its elasticity. The natural loss of elasticity and volume results in wrinkles and facial lines.
Collagen is a protein that can be found not only in skin, but bones, cartilage, tendons and other connective tissues as well. Collagen found in the skin is produced by cells called fibroblasts. Scattered throughout the dermis, it creates the structure, strength, firmness and overall appearance of the skin. In order to achieve that same effect that a natural production of collagen provides, collagen that has been freshly produced by young and healthy fibroblasts and using it in the right places is key to skin tightening and wrinkle reduction.
Wrinkles and other blemishes of the skin can be caused by extrinsic aging, which is premature aging typically caused by unprotected sun exposure. Both genetics and the amount of time spent in the sun work together to increase the effects of aging. Intrinsic aging is another name for the natural again process which can be caused by inherited genes, repetitive facial expressions, diet, stress, and smoking.
Topical vitamin C has been proven to stimulate the regeneration of collagen. The most effective treatment used to stimulate collagen production is fractional laser treatments. Dr. Cameron Rokhsar is a fellowship-trained dermatologist who has trained more physicians on the use of the Fraxel laser for fractional resurfacing in the United States than any other physician in the world.