Sunspots, like their name implies, is a condition developed by overexposure to the sun. The darkened patches of skin can appear in a variety of shades depending on a patient’s skin type, age and amount of exposure. Also called actinic keratoses, liver spots or age spots, can be mildly treated with strong topical medicine made with hydroquinone that works to bleach the spots and even out skin tone.

Lasers have been proven to most effectively treat sunspots. Unfortunately, they cannot be completely erased, but laser treatment can stimulate new melanin production that will exfoliate the out layers of the skin, bringing sun spots to the surface where the skin can naturally shed the old skin.

Lasers available to treat sunspots:

Q-Switched Alexandrite Laser– When the laser is shone on an area of skin, the irregular pigment absorbs the laser light. During absorption, the pigment is broken down and then shed by the body’s natural process.

Q-Switched Ruby Laser– Uses a wavelength with a similar technique to absorb the melanin. The laser is highly selective in targeting the pigmented cells that cause a discolored appearance. Fading has been clinically proven and tested as a safe and effective procedure for removing sunspots.

Nd:YAG Laser- Another Q-switched laser that is known for its efficacy is removing sunspots. After the laser has been placed over the discolored skin and treatment is complete, the pigment will develop a white color and leave behind a small scab. After the skin continues its natural healing process and the scabs fall off, a slight red discoloration will remain but slowly fade and new skin with matching pigmentation to the rest of the undamaged face will take its place.

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