As a person ages the epidermal cells become thinner and less elastic. The thinner cells create a more translucent appearance, and with less elasticity, the skin cannot move back into place and remains looking old and fragile. Collagen is the foundational component that gives skin a youthful and tighter appearance.
The number of epidermal cells and collagen production decreases by ten percent every decade and they divide more slowly as we age making the skin less able to repair itself quickly.
The effects of aging on the dermal layer are significant. Not only does the dermal layer thin, but also less collagen is produced, and the elastin fibers that provide elasticity wear out. These changes in the scaffolding of the skin cause the skin to wrinkle and sag. Also, sebaceous glands get bigger but produce less sebum, and the number of sweat glands decreases. Both of these changes lead to skin dryness.
Certain face creams can improve facial wrinkles, but these are not the most effective way to reduce wrinkles. Nonprescription face creams will never get rid of wrinkles- they only serve to hydrate the skin temporarily.
Topical retinoids such as tretinoin and tazarotene are prescription medications used to treat some aspects of aging skin damage. In order to see results from topical treatments, these creams must be used every day. Results will become noticeable over the course of several months. These medications need to be used every day in order to keep up with the results.
– Coenzyme Q10. Coenzyme Q10 is a nutrient that helps regulate energy production in cells. Some studies have shown reduction in fine wrinkles around the eyes with no side effects.
– Copper peptides. Copper is a trace element found in every cell. In products applied to the skin, it’s combined with small protein fragments called peptides. Copper peptides enhance wound healing. They also stimulate production of collagen and may enhance the action of antioxidants.
– Hydroxy acids. Alpha hydroxy acids, beta hydroxy acids and poly hydroxy acids are synthetic versions of acids derived from sugar-containing fruits. These acids are exfoliates substances that remove the upper layer of old, dead skin and stimulate the growth of smooth, evenly toned new skin.
– Kinetin. As a plant growth factor, kinetin may improve the appearance of wrinkles and uneven pigmentation with minimal irritation. It’s unclear how it works, but it may help reduce wrinkles by helping skin retain moisture and by stimulating the production of collagen. It may also be a potent antioxidant.
– Retinol. Retinol is a vitamin A compound. This compound is known to effectively retain moisture, making it the first antioxidant to be widely used in nonprescription wrinkle creams. Antioxidants are substances that neutralize free radicals unstable oxygen molecules that break down skin cells and cause wrinkles.
– Tea extracts. Green, black and oolong tea contain compounds with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Green tea extracts are the ones most natural and commonly found substances in wrinkle creams.