Understanding the Difference Between Herpes-1 and Herpes-2

Herpes simplex virus can be contracted in two different types, either orally in the mouth or in the genitals. Herpes simplex 1 (HSV1) often produces painful blisters or sores in the mouth, while herpes simplex 2 (HSV2) produces the same type of blisters and sores except located in the genital region. The virus that drives the virus is usually responsible for cold sores and is usually brought on by lack of sleep or stress, but is contracted by person-to-person contact. HSV1 and HSV2 thrive on mucous membranes, such as those found inside the mouth and genital area. The sores can also appear on the throat, nose, mouth, urethra and rectum and in certain cases there will be only one breakout, but most of the times a person will experience more than one breakout.

Outbreaks depend on an individual immune system’s ability to control the infection, how long the person has had their infection and if the infection is in the site it first originated.

According to the American Social Health Association, 50 to 80 percent of Americans have been infected with herpes simplex 1 (oral herpes, cold sores), while herpes simplex 2 has only been recorded to infect 20 percent of adults in the United States.

Both types of herpes are easily transmitted to their site and can be spread to other sites during active outbreaks. Although, herpes simplex 2 is rarely found to cause oral herpes, herpex simplex 1 accounts for a significant portion of genital herpes cases, according to a study conducted at the University of Maryland Medical Center.

Dr. Rokhsar works with each patient individually in order to access and cater to their dermatological medical needs.

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