What is a Birth Mark?

A birthmark is a mark or splotch on the skin which can appear in a variety of colors, shapes, and sizes. Pigmented birthmarks are usually present from the time of birth and are comprised of melanosomes, which are cells that contain an abnormally high density of melanin. Melanin is the pigment that creates color in your skin. The cause of birthmarks is unknown, but it has been determined that the occurrence is higher in darker skinned individuals like Hispanics, Asians, and African Americans.

There are many who might think that birthmarks should not be removed–that they are an inherent part of your identity. However, many patients experience a great deal of discomfort due to their birthmarks. Many birthmarks can be large or attract unwanted attention. Some patients have expressed that they find others paying more attention to a birthmark than to a face. For those seeking to remove or lighten a birthmark, Dr. Rokhsar offers several minimally-invasive treatment options his New York office.

Types of Birthmarks

Birthmarks are categorized into two groups:

  1. Congenital Moles: This type of birthmark can come in a variety of shapes and sizes but are usually dark or brown colored. They can appear on any area of the body and may be raised.
  2. Cafe-au-lait spots: This type of birthmark is typically oval shaped and appears light brown or darker in color. They were usually flat and smooth and most commonly found on the torso, buttocks, or legs.

Birthmarks are further divided into subcategories of pigmentation-types, macular stains, vascular malformation, and hemangiomas. Some birthmarks fade or completely disappear overtime, but those who are self-conscious about their appearance may wish to consider birthmark removal procedures.

How Are Birth Marks Treated?

Fraxel Repair: The Fraxel:repair laser system uses an ablative treatment that treats the tissue deep within the dermis, which is also where pigmentation abnormalities are present. The procedure uses CO2 laser technology to fractionally treat microscopic sections of the birthmark,  with little ris of scarring or hypo-pigmentation. Multiple treatments may be requires, depending on the birthmark size and color.

V-Beam Pulse Dye Laser: The V-Beam Perfecta uses and energy that targets the area with an intense but gentle pulse that selects the discolored birthmark, ablating the pigment responsible for the mark. Multiple treatments are usually performed and, for many patients, improvements can be seen immediately after treatment.

Dr. Rokhsar specializes in cosmetic laser treatment and is recognized in New York and throughout the country as an expert in his field. If you are interested in learning more about birthmark removal and what the different procedures can do for you, contact us to schedule a consultation at our Garden City or New York City location.